August 5, 2017

0379, 1129, 3117 CROATIA (Dubrovnik-Neretva) - Old City of Dubrovnik (UNESCO WHS)

0379 View of the Dubrovnik walls from the South

Posted on 09.11.2012, 07.07.2014, 05.08.2017
Located in the southern Dalmatian coast, Dubrovnik, named official Ragusa until 1918,  and known as Pearl of the Adriatic or even Thesaurum mundi,  "is a remarkably well-preserved example of a late-medieval walled city, with a regular street layout", reason for which it was designated by UNESCO a World Heritage Site in 1979 (with an extension in 1994), under the name Old City of Dubrovnik. Until recently, it was believed that the city was founded about 614 AD by a group of refugees from Epidaurum (today's Cavtat), who fled of the Slavs and Avars and established a settlement to an island, and named it Laus (lausa means rock in latin), which will become Ragusa or Rausa.

1129 Stradun, the main street of Dubrovnik 

Opposite that location, at the foot of Srđ Mountain, the Slavs developed their own settlement, under the name of Dubrovnik (from dubrava, which means oak woods). In the 12th century the channel that separated these two settlements was filled (in present is Placa or Stradun, the main street of the city) and they were united. But recent archaeological discoveries have pushed the city's history before the Common Era, there being evidence that Dubrovnik was established by Greek sailors.

3117 The Church of Saint Blaise and the statue of the saint,
the patron saint of the city

Being first under the protection of the Byzantine Empire, Ragusa came, after the infamous Fourth Crusade, under the sovereignty of Venice (1205-1358), then became part of the Hungarian-Croatian Kingdom, and since 1458 paid a tribute to the Ottoman Empire, but was effectively a free state between 1358 and 1808, named Respublica Ragusina (Ragusan Republic). Its motto, Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro (Latin for "Liberty is not well sold for all the gold"), says everything about its principles, as also the fact that the republic abolished the slave trade early in the 15th century, and its official language was Latin until 1472, and thereafter the Ragusan dialect of the Romance Dalmatian language.

Along with England, Spain and Genoa, Ragusa was one of the Venice's most damaging competitors in the 15th century on all seas, even in the Adriatic. Furthermore, the most part of the traffic between Florence and the Ottoman port Bursa was carried out via Ragusa, and Ragusa's merchants founded settlements from India and Africa within America. The Republic gradually declined after the catastrophic earthquake of 1667, until 1808, when was occupied by the Napoleonic army. Seven years later the Habsburg Empire annexed the city, which became part of Yugoslavia since 1918, and of Croatia since 1991.

The patron saint of the city is Sveti Vlaho (Saint Blaise), whose statues are seen around the city. He has an importance similar to that of St. Mark the Evangelist to Venice. One of the larger churches in city is named after him. The Church of St. Blaise was built in 1715 by the Venetian architect and sculptor Marino Gropelli (1662-1728) on the foundations of the badly damaged Romanesque medieval church. It consists of a single square nave with a ground plan in the form of an inscribed Greek cross, an apse flanked by two sacristies and an oblong cupola in the center.

About the stamps
On the postcard 0379


The stamp is a commemorative one, issued on October 28, 2011, with the occasion of 50th Anniversary of the Institute Of Art History in Zagreb. Designed by Orsat Franković and Ivana Vučić, it has the value 4,6 HRK.

On the postcard 1129
The stamp, depicting European fan worm / Sabella spallanzanii,  is part of the series Croatia Undersea World, about which I wrote here.

On the postcard 3117


The stamp is part of the series Eurasian griffon, which include four stamps depictings the Eurasian griffon in different positions (photo: Hrvoje Grgić), all with the same face value (5,8 HRK). The series was issued on January 23, 2017, by Croatian Post in cooperation with the World Wildlife Fund.
• Eurasian griffon in flight - It's on the postcard 3117
• Eurasian griffon - detail - It's on the postcard 3119
• Eurasian griffon - profile
• Eurasian griffon - adult with pups

This is a post for Postcard Friendship Friday #141, hosted on Beth's blog The Best Hearts are Crunchy. Click on the button below to visit all the other participants.


References
Dubrovnik - Wikipedia
Old City of Dubrovnik - UNESCO official site
Dubrovnik - Encyclopaedia Britannica
Dubrovnik - Dubrovnik Online
St Blaise's Church - Wikipedia

Sender 0379: Vladimir Klešćic (direct swap)
Sent from Samobor (Zagreb County / Croatia), on 30.10.2012
Photo: Tješimir Marić
Sender 1129, 3117: Marius Vasilescu
1129: Sent from Trogir (Split-Dalmatia / Croatia), on 26.06.2014
3117: Sent from Dubrovnik (Dubrovnik-Neretva / Croatia), on 18.06.2017  

5 comments:

  1. What a turbulent history this city has endured!
    Looking at the view on your card, it seems so much of the waterfront is taken up by these fortifications, which seems a necessary evil.

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  2. Replies
    1. I also thank you for visiting my blog. :)

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  3. Oh, what a beautiful postcard. What an incredibly lovely place. I love history and I enjoy every word of your posts. Thank you for all the time you put into this.

    Happy PFF!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I also thank you for visiting my blog. :)

      Delete